Wine regions of the Czech Republic


The Moravia Wine Region

 

Welcome to Moravia

The Moravia Wine Regionis located in the South Moravian and Zlín region, a small part of it is also in the Vysočina region. The oldest viticultural area in the Czech Republic is proud of the wine-growing traditions from the days when the Roman legions temporarily settled under Pálava, and soldiers established the first vineyards on its slopes. Moravia was, due to climatic conditions, considered to be an area with excellent prerequisites for the production of white wines with an interesting range of aromas and spiciness for a long time. Fresh acids underlining the harmony of the aromas and flavours stimulate the repeated sipping of this harmonious wine. Blue varieties for the production of red wines received less attention, but they already had good conditions in some sub-regions before, and in recent years, thanks to the warmer weather and modern technology, their importance is increasing.Maps of the Moravia Wine Region changed several times, most recently in 2004, when the wine law adjusted the division of the wine sub-regions. 10 wine regions existed until then: Brněnská, Bzenecká, Kyjovská, Mikulovská, Mutěnická, Podluží, Strážnická, Uherskohradišťská, Velkopavlovická and Znojemská. The naming of the known wine trails comes from their names. Since 2004, the Moravia Wine Region has been divided into four sub-regions: Znojemská, Mikulovská, Velkopavlovická and Slovácká.

Wine region Moravia in a nutshell 

The most important wine-growing region of the Czech Republic stretches from Znojmo to Uherské Hradiště. It comprises of four sub-regions: Znojemská, Mikulovská, Velkopavlovická and Slovácká. It includes 17,034 hectares of vineyards, which represents 96 % of the registered vineyard areaswithin the Czech Republic. The Moravia Wine Region is, according to legend and archaeological sources, the area with the oldest viticultural and vinicultural tradition in the Czech Republic. It is located at around the 49th parallel, as well as the wine-growing region of Champagne or the best wine-growing regions of Germany. It consists of 312 wine municipalities and 1,126 vineyards, which nearly 18,000 growersmanage. You will find most municipalities and growers in the Slovácká Wine Sub-region, the largest expanse of vineyards is in the Velkopavlovická Wine Sub-region, and close behind it is the Mikulovská Wine Sub-region. The largest wine municipalities are Velké Bílovice, Valtice and Čejkovice. The annual average temperature reaches 9.42 °C, the average annual rainfall is 510 mm and the average annual duration of sunshine is 2,244 hours, according to many years of measurements in the Breeding Station in Velké Pavlovice. The vegetative season is shorter than in Western Europe, but in most years, stands out for its higher thermal intensity of the summer months, which allows the growing of the varieties with late maturing grapes. Maturing takes place more slowly, so a greater amount of aromatic substances is concentrated in the grapes. Varietal representation almost copies the overall statistics of the Czech Republic – Grüner Veltliner and Müller Thurgau dominate, Welschriesling and Riesling are next, Blaufränkisch and Saint Laurent represent blue varieties.

 

Znojemská Wine Sub-region 

The Znojemská Wine Sub-regionincludes the western part of South Moravia from Podyjí and the eastern slopes of the Českomoravská vrchovina over the Dyje valley, Jevišovka, Jihlava, and other smaller rivers to Rajhrad by the Brno city. It is the Kingdom of aromatic white wines, where the uncrowned king is Grüner Veltliner, followed by Müller Thurgau, Sauvignon Blancand Riesling varieties. The composition of the soil and climatic conditions suit Traminer, pinot Blanc, pinot Grisor muscat varieties such as Irsai Oliver and Muscat Ottonel. The proportion of blue varieties is smaller, but the original Blaufränkisch, St. Laurent and Blauer Portugieser, from the area of Dolní Kounice, has an excellent reputation. znojmo, the Royal Town, which celebrated the 790th anniversary of its founding in 2016, is the wine centre of the sub-region. When walking to meet wine, you will discover a number of interesting places, from the Znojmo medieval underground through extensive cellars and a wine museum in Louka Monastery, up to the picturesque painted Wine Cellarin Šatov. The Znojmo region is the cradle of wine tourism. You can ride around vineyards and wineries with a specialized wine bus Vinobus in the high season. Tasting standsare waiting for you in many places: at the Rajská vineyard in Znojmo, at the famous vineyard Šobes in the podyjí National park, at the Castle Lampelberg, in Hnanice, in the wine cellar lanein Chvaloviceor on the cycle paths in the Staré vinice vineyard above Havraníky village.

 

 

Mikulovská Wine Sub-region 

The dominant feature of the Mikulovská Wine Sub-regionis the Pálava limestone cliff. Apparently, the first Moravian vineyards were founded on its slopes by Roman soldiers. Welschrieslingis born here, Grüner Veltliner, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Blanc and Pinot Gris, Chardonnay, Pálava, Neuburger and Sylvaner belong among the appreciated varieties. The wine of the brands VOC Mikulov, VOC Pálava and VOC Valtice will offer all of the flavours of the Mikulov region to you. The jewel of the sub-region is the fabulous city of Mikulov. You can see two wine exhibitions and a collection of historical wine presses in the castle, and, of course, the Lednice-Valtice area, registered on the list of World cultural and natural heritage of UNESCO as the most extensive artistically depicted landscape in the world. Wine tours will take you through a number of districts, from Pavlov and Perná through Dunajovické kopce, Novosedly and Drnholec, to Pouzdřany and Popice. The beautiful view of the Nové Mlýny reservoirs and Pálava, with ruins of several medieval castles, will open to you from Sonberk vineyard. A tourist novelty is the Archeopark in pavlov. Dolní Věstonice, a village known thanks to Venus of Věstonice, the oldest known ceramic statue in the world, lies in close proximity. You will not forget Valtice, with the baroque residence of the Liechtensteins and tasting exhibitionof the Wine Salon of the Czech Republic, open for the whole year.

 

 

Velkopavlovická Wine Sub-region

The fertile lowlands, which stretch from Brno to Židlochovice, Hustopeče, Velké Bílovice and Velké Pavlovice, belong among the sunniest places of the Czech Republic. Grüner Veltlineris at the top of the scale of the most grown varieties, but Blaufränkisch and St. Laurent, in second and third position, suggest that the Velké Pavlovice region is famous for red wine. You will not find so many vineyards with blue grapes as right here in any other Moravian wine sub-region. Worth mentioning (and mainly tasting!) is Blauer Portugieser or the André variety cultivated directly in Velké Pavlovice. White varieties, such as Müller Thurgau, Welschriesling and Traminer, have good conditions here as well. The landscape around Bořetice, Kobylí, Němčičky, Velké Pavlovice and Vrbice is called Modré hory. The varieties with blue grapes are grown in more than half of the vineyards and wines of the three most typical varieties of the sub-region, Blaufränkisch, St. Laurent and Blauer Portugieser, have the specific label of VOC Modré hory. What should you not miss? For example, extensive complexes of wine cellars, reminiscent of small villages, such as the area under Kraví hora in Bořetice, a cellar lane in Kobylí or Belegrady in Velké Bílovice, where the names of the streets and squares come from wine-growing history or bear the names of the vine varieties. A popular stop for wine lovers are the Templar cellar sunder the medieval forts in Čejkovice and the winegrowing exposition in the Renaissance house U Synků in Hustopeče, with a curious statue of wine yeast.

 

 

Slovácká Wine Sub-region

Vineyards on the South-East of Moravia, on the border with Slovakia and Austria, have very diverse natural conditions. So the palette of wines from this sub-region is similarly diverse and varied, like its landscapes and distinctive Slovácko folklore. The most widespread varieties are Müller Thurgau, Riesling, Pinot Blanc, Grüner Veltliner and Blaufränkisch. Pinot Gris and Moravian Muscat, bred in Polešovice, also have good conditions here. Blue varieties, like Zweigelt and Cabernet Moravia bred in Moravská Nová Ves, are also at home here. You can taste VOC Blatnice in Blatnice pod Svatým Antonínkem. You will not forget the local legendary trademark wine Blatnický Roháč or similarly famous Bzenecká Lipka; named after an ancient lime tree in the castle park in Bzenec. Many other places next to Uherské Hradiště, Kyjov or Břeclav are mandatory stops while travelling to meet wine. The jewels of Slovácko, for example, include the area of the historical Plže wine cellarsin the outskirts of Petrov, proclaimed as the first conservation village area in the former Czechoslovakia in 1983, or the open-air museum in Strážnice, with an original complex of wine producing buildings. Worth seeing are the basement areas, reminiscent of small villages, such as Nechory by Prušánky, Šidleny by Milotice or Búdy by Mutěnice. You will find a charming heritagelisted complex of mills on the edge of Vlčnov, a village known thanks to the annual Ride of the Kingsin May.

 

The Bohemia Wine Region

 

Welcome to Bohemia

Vineyards in the Bohemia Wine Region belong to the most northern placed vineyards in Europe. Today, you will discover most of the vineyards in the surroundings of Mělník, Most and Litoměřice, as in the Middle Ages. Vineyards in Prague and its surroundings have survived as well. The vineyards in Bohemia are smaller and split over the territories of several regions instead of big and continuously planted vine areas. Legends are mainly the vineyards on protected slopes and terraces around the Bohemian rivers, especially in the valleys of Vltava, Labe, Berounka and Ohře. This is also a good area for blue varieties.The Bohemia Wine Region was divided into six areas until 2004 – Čáslavská, Mělnická, Mostecká, Pražská and Žernosecká, after legislative adjustments left only two sub-regions – Mělnická and Litoměřická. What can you look forward to in the Bohemia Wine Region? For example, to restored medieval vineyard terraces, on which vine is growing again, to the house with the tower in the shape of a wine glass, to a walk where St. Ludmila was teaching her grandson St. Václav to cultivate and produce wine, to the vineyards, small in size, but with extensive collections of varieties on the charming landscape of Polabí, guarded by the steep cones of České středohoří, to ancient cellars, wine presses, colourful traditions of vine harvesting and, especially, wine.

 

Wine region Bohemia in a nutshell

The Bohemia Wine Region, with its two sub-regions, is one of the most northern headlands of European viniculture. It includes 643 hectares of vineyards, which represents 4 % of the vineyards areasregistered within the whole of the Czech Republic. The remaining 96 % is located in the Moravia Wine Region. Viniculture in Bohemia had its golden age before the Thirty Years’ War, when the vineyard area reached about 15,000 hectares and, in particularly fertile years, the domestic wine market was small for it. The current Bohemia Wine Region includes 72 wine municipalitiesand 152 vineyard sites, which about 150 growersmanage. The Bohemia Wine Region is divided into two sub-regions: Mělnická and Litoměřická. The areas are almost identical, but the vineyards of Mělník manage almost double the amount of growers. Most of the Mělník vineyards lie on soil with a limestone bedrock or gravel-sand sediment. The soil is lighter, warmer and provides excellent conditions for the cultivation of white and blue varieties. In the Litoměřická Wine Sub-region, most vineyards are located on the southern slopes of České středohoří, on dark soils of weathered basalt, which gives the wine distinctive mineral undertones. The representation of the cultivated varieties slightly differs from Moravia. Red varieties are grown slightly more here. The local winemakers already grew the Pinot Noir variety plentifully in the Middle Ages. Another Burgundian variety also takes front place, however, Müller Thurgau, Riesling, St. Laurent and Blauer Portugieser are the top. The largest wine-growing municipalities are Mělník and Most.

 

Mělnická a Litoměřická Wine Sub-regions

The Bohemia Wine Region is divided into two sub-regions: The Mělnická Wine Sub-regionincludes not only Mělník and surroundings, but also tiny vineyards in pragueand around Kutná hora, Benátky nad Jizerou, Kralupy nad Vltavou, Čáslav, Berounand Slaný. In the Middle Ages, the local winemakers concentrated mainly on the cultivation of the variety Pinot Noir, whose seedlings, they say, Charles IV imported from the Chambertin, Burgundy village. The largest areas are planted with Riesling and Müller Thurgau varieties and the already mentioned Pinot Noir. The group of the five most grown varieties is closed by Pinot Gris and Blauer Portugieser.

The Litoměřická Wine Sub-region stands in the area of Litoměřice, Roudnice nad Labem, Kadaň, Ústí nad Labemand Louny. Litoměřice is an important centre of winegrowing, the second largest wine-growing town in Bohemia after Prague in the middle ages. Most of the vineyards in this sub-region are located on the southern slopes of České středohoří. Müller Thurgau, St. Laurent, Riesling, Pinot Noir and Pinot Gris represent the most widespread varieties. An exposition at the castle in Litoměřice is devoted to wine. You may also notice the renewed vineyards on the terraces of Litoměřice walls and at the foothills of Hněvín above Most. You will see one of the Czech rarities from the top of the romantically modified castle with a restaurant and lookout tower – the Gothic church, Nanebevzetí panny Marie, which was, due to the extraction of coal, moved from the non-existent old Most to the new location in 1975