At the end of the 19th century specialised wine schools were founded, e.g. in Valtice (at the time known as Feldsberg) in 1873, in Mělník in 1882 and in Bzenec in 1885. In 1907 the specialised vintners‘ magazine ”Vinařský obzor“ (Vintner’s Horizon) was first published.
In the first half of the 20th century viti- and viticulture in this country began to expand once again and vineyards were renewed. In the second half of the 20th century, during the time of Socialism, the vineyard area rose to 14,000 hectares, yields were increased and mechanisation was introduced to the vineyards. New grape varieties were also developed, for instance Pálava, Aurelius, Moravian Muscat and André. However, at this time the wine production was concentrated primarily on quantity.
The Wine Act and The European Union
Further development in viti- and viniculture came at the end of the 20th century. Restitution of vineyards and privatisation led to a renewal of family wineries as well as the emergence of new enterprises. Great changes came about with the Wine Act of 1995 and its later harmonisation with the legislation of the European Union with our accession the the EU in 2004. Contemporary viti- and viniculture makes use of modern environment-friendly technology and is oriented towards the production of wines that can be rated amongst the best in the world, which is evidenced by the number of prizes awarded to them in the most prestigious wine competitions worldwide. The expansion of wine tourism goes hand in hand with the development of the wine trade.
The creation of new grape varieties continues too, aimed mainly at those resistant to fungal diseases and at those suited to the production of organic – BIO – wines (the so-called PIWI varieties), e.g. Malverina, Savilon, Laurot and others.
Today Moravian and Bohemian wines are renowned as being among the best in Europe as well as in the world. Moravian and Bohemian wines are characterised by their interesting spectrum of aromas, rich extractive substances and the well-balanced combination of a full-bodied palate with crisp and refreshing acidity in the white wines. Red wines too have begun to emerge in recent times which, thanks to modern technological processing, are full and distinctive, while at the same time being soft and velvety, marked by a pleasing fruity aromas.
Rosé wines are gradually becoming the future trend – beautiful not only because of their colour, but also due to their exceptional youthful character.