The Celts were possibly the first people to cultivate the grape vine in our area. Wine in the territory of Moravia is tied to the Romans, specifically to the 10th Roman Legion of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius, which had a base near to the village of Mušov in southern Moravia during the second half of the 2nd century AD.
Vine cultivation and wine making were extended from the time of the Slavic settlements during the Great Moravian Empire in the 9th and 10th centuries AD, whence the vine also reached the Czech lands. At the time wine mainly served for liturgical purposes and is related to the spread of Christianity.
The first written records on wine to be preserved are the monastic chronicles and documents from the Czech monarchs. The golden age of viticulture in both Moravia and Bohemia is often referred to as the time lasting from the 14th to the 16th centuries, when a number of towns and monasteries were surrounded by vineyards. Great credit for this develepment in viti- and viniculture must certainly go to the King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV.
Our wines already had a good name in the Middle Ages, they were supplied to the houses of both nobles and burghers, there was interest in them in Poland and in Silesia, as well as at the imperial court in Vienna.
Similarly to elsewhere in Europe great damage was caused to the vineyards by the phylloxera beetle (Viteus vitifolii) at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. At the beginning of the 20th century the area under vine in Moravia had fallen as low as 3,800 hectares.